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The Causes of Climate Change micro-lesson

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Climate is the average or long-term weather pattern in a particular area of the world over a longer period of time. Climate change looks at how the general climate of a particular area on the planet is changing and why. Climate change can be natural. Over thousands and millions of years, the earth has gone through periods of time where it became warmer and also colder. For example, Ice Age is a time where the climate has cooled considerably, and ice sheets cover big areas of land. This is thought to be natural and linked to the sun giving out less heat at this time and how the earth moves around the sun too. Another natural thing that can affect the climate is volcanic eruption. More recently, over the past hundred years or so, the earth seems to be getting warmer at a faster rate than is thought natural. Scientists believe this isn't natural climate change and is caused by humans instead. Increased gases released from things such as cars, factories, and farms such as carbon dioxide and methane absorb the sun's heat and create a barrier that keeps the sun's heat close to the Earth's surface. We call gases such as carbon dioxide and methane greenhouse gases. As these have been increasing in the atmosphere, the earth is getting warmer. Deforestation, burning fossil fuels, oil, coal, and gas, rubbish rotting in landfills sights, and using fertilizers all increase the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. All these things are contributing to climate change.

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  • A lot of forest areas have been cleared across the planet to make way for spaces to farm. Does this impact the rate of climate change?

    1) Yes
    2) No
  • Do scientists use satellites to help monitor and measure climate change?

    1) Yes
    2) No
  • Does the Amazon rainorest take in a lot of carbon dioxide fromthe atmosphere?

    1) Yes
    2) No
  • How long has the earth been warming up at a faster rate than is thought natural?

    1) 100 or so years
    2) 10 or so years
    3) 1 million or so years
    4) 1,000 or so years
  • If we removed the earth's natural greenhouse effect, what would happen to the temperature on earth?

    1) It would become colder
    2) It would become hotter
    3) It would stay the same
    4) The temperature would go up and down
  • The population of the planet is increasing. How does this impact climate change?

    1) There will be more people doing things that release greenhouse gases
    2) It doesn't
    3) More people can work on ways so help combat climate change
    4) There will be more people to buy things
  • What are the three fossil fuels?

    1) Oil, coal and gas
    2) Oil, rubber, wood
    3) Coal, wood, sunshine
    4) Gas, water, dung
  • What do we call the group of gases that create a barrier to keep the suns heat close to the earth's surface?

    1) Greenhouse gases
    2) Shed gases
    3) Hot gases
    4) Garage gases
  • What is our carbon footprint?

    1) The total amount of greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide and methane) that are generated by our actions
    2) The imprint of carbon onto the groud from our shoes
    3) Walking to help climate change
    4) Buying less clothes and shoes to help climate change
  • What is the main greenhouse gas that fertilisers release into the atmosphere?

    1) Nitrous Oxide
    2) Carbon Dioxide
    3) Water Vapour
    4) Methane
  • What natural event can impact climate change?

    1) Volcanic erruptions
    2) Floods
    3) Tidal Waves
    4) Droughts
  • Where do the gases come from that impact cimate change?

    1) All of these
    2) Cars
    3) Factories
    4) Farming animals
  • Which statement is true?

    1) The power sector worldwide emits the most greenhouse gases
    2) The transport sector worldwide emits the most greenhouse gases
    3) The agriculture sector worldwide emits the most greenhouse gases
    4) The entertainment sector worldwide emits the most greenhouse gases
  • Why did people use more fossil fuels during the industrial revolution?

    1) To power more factories and machines
    2) To keep thir homes warm
    3) To help people get to work
    4) Because there was a lot of rubbish to get rid of and they burnt it
  • Would the world be a better place if we could remove all grennhouse gases from the atnosphere?

    1) No
    2) Yes

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Meet your educator

Our micro-courses are developed and delivered by qualified educators from around the world.

Rebecca Evans

Rebecca Evans

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