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The Difference Between Climate and Weather micro-lesson

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Weather and climate are not the same thing. Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere in a particular place, and it can change very quickly. For example, in the space of one day, it can be pouring with rain and then later be dry and sunny. Weather is measured in terms of certain things. Some of these include temperature, air pressure, wind speed and direction, precipitation, for example, rain, hail, sleet, or snow, sunshine, humidity or how much moisture is in the air, and cloud cover and visibility. Climate is the average or long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. It happens over a longer period of time and looks at larger areas. It is the average weather that happens in an area over many years. The world is split into climate zones. These range from polar which is cold and dry to tropical which is hot and wet to arid which is hot and dry. You also have temperate areas of the world. These areas generally have cold winters and mild weather summers. Another climate is the Mediterranean climate which generally has mild winters and hot summer. Climate in mountainous areas changes the higher you go, getting colder towards the top. In a polar climate, it is generally very cold and snowy. The weather may change from day-to-day. Some days it may snow and other days it may be sunny but in general or on average it is cold and snowy.

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  • Can weather change very quickly?

    1) Yes
    2) No
  • In mountainous areas, does it get warmer towards the top of the mountain?

    1) No
    2) Yes
  • Is climate measured over...

    1) a long period of time
    2) a short period of time
    3) a few days
    4) only a week
  • What climate zone is hot and dry?

    1) Arid
    2) Tropical
    3) Polar
    4) Temperate
  • What is a weather front?

    1) The boundary between a cold and a warm air mass
    2) The start of a time of rain
    3) The beginning of a sunny spell
    4) A snowy period of time
  • What is the name of a scientist who specifically studies weather?

    1) Meteorologist
    2) Zoologist
    3) Microbiologist
    4) Botanist
  • Where are most tropical climates found?

    1) Around the equator
    2) Around the poles
    3) The northern hemisphere
    4) The southern hemisphere
  • Which climate zone gets extremely hot in the day and then extremely cold at night?

    1) Arid
    2) Polar
    3) Temperate
    4) Tropical
  • Which climate zone gets the most rainfall?

    1) Tropical
    2) Arid
    3) Mediterranean
    4) Polar
  • Which climate zone has the coldest climate?

    1) Polar
    2) Temperate
    3) Tropical
    4) Arid
  • Which of these is an example of precipitation?

    1) Rain
    2) Temperature
    3) Humidity
    4) Wind Speed
  • Which of these is an extreme weather condition?

    1) Tornado
    2) Rainfall
    3) Snow
    4) Hail
  • Which of these statements is true?

    1) Temperture is measured in celsius
    2) Temperature is measured in kilometres per hour
    3) Temperature is measured in kilograms
    4) Temperature is measured in litres
  • Which two climates are dry?

    1) Arid and Polar
    2) Arid and Tropical
    3) Polar and Temperate
    4) Polar and Tropical
  • Why does lightning occur first in a thunderstorm?

    1) Light travels faster than sound
    2) Sound travels faster than light
    3) Our eyes see things before we hear them
    4) Our ears hear things before we see them

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Rebecca Evans

Rebecca Evans

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